To get general information on dystonia click here. To find out about a type of dystonia click on graphic below.
In addition to those shown above, other forms of dystonia include:
Task specific dystonias
- Writer's Cramp. Click here for info
- Musician's dystonia (also known as musician's cramp). Click here for info
Dystonias affecting multiple parts of the body
- Generalised dystonia which affects most of the body frequently involving the back and trunk
- Myoclonus dystonia where jerking movements occur with dystonia
- Paroxysmal dystonia which affects the whole or part of the body in brief episodes
- Dopa responsive dystonia which is a rare form of dystonia that responds to treatment with levadopa
- Hemidystonia where only one side of the body is affected
- Drug -induced (tardive) dystonia is the result of an abnormal response to certain medications
- Dystonic cerebral palsy is a dystonia caused by damage to the developing foetal or infant brain
- Dystonia resulting from Parkinson's disease
- Dystonia caused by metabolic disorders
- Dystonia caused by brain injury or damage
Functional dystonia is a condition where some specific symptoms of dystonia appear but tests that normally establish the cause of these symptoms are negative.
Related conditions include
Hemifacial spasm. Click here for info
Last reviewed October 2011
The Dystonia Society provides the information on this page as general information only. It is not intended to provide instruction and you should not rely on this information to determine diagnosis, prognosis or a course of treatment. It should not be used in place of a professional consultation with a doctor.
The Dystonia Society is not responsible for the consequences of your decisions resulting from the use of this information, including, but not limited to, your choosing to seek or not to seek professional medical care, or from choosing or not choosing specific treatment based on the information. You should not disregard the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider because of any information you receive from us. If you have any health care questions, please consult the relevant medical practitioner.